Tuatha Dé Danann, who ruled Ireland in ancient mythology,
were said to have erected Newgrange as a burial place for
their chief, Dagda Mór, and his three sons. One of
his sons, called Aonghus, is often referred to as Aonghus
of the Brugh, and it was traditionally believed that he, in
fact, was owner of the Brugh, and that a smaller mound between
Newgrange and the Boyne was owned by the Dagda.
to the Oxford Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, Newgrange (Brug
na Bóinne) offered hospitality to countless guests
in hundreds of stories.
was said to have provided endless supplies of ale, three trees
that were always in fruit, and two pigs, one of which was
living, the other cooked and ready to eat.
Michael O'Kelly at Newgrange
The Winter Solstice event was known about in local folklore
before the alignment was rediscovered by Professor Michael
J. O'Kelly in 1967.
some texts, Newgrange was said to have been the burial place
of Lugh Lámhfada (Lugh of the Long Arm) who was the
spiritual father of the great mythical hero Cúchulainn.
Newgrange was said to have been the mansion to which Aengus
(Oengus) brought the body of Diarmaid after his death on Ben
Bulben so that he could "put an aeriel life into him
so that he will talk to me every day."
Silva Gadelica (1892) records that according to an ancient
tradition, "three times fify sons of kings abode for
three days with their three nights".
was said to have been the place where the great mythical hero
Cúchulainn was conceived by his mother Dechtine. His
spiritual father, Lugh, visited Dechtine in a dream while
she stayed at the Brugh.
fact that Newgrange was referred to as "Mac an Og's brugh
brilliant to approach", "yonder brugh chequered
with the many lights" and "the white-topped brugh
of the Boyne" has led some to believe these are references
to the white quartz which adorns the cairn.
romantic tale of Aonghus and Caer, who both flew to Newgrange
and lived there in the form of swans, could be linked
to the stars. Interestingly, Newgrange is a wintering
ground for the Whooper Swan which migrates from Iceland every
October and returns in March.